First trimester: What to expect during this time of your pregnancy?

Finding out that you’re pregnant is both exciting and scary at the same time. The fact that you are carrying a life in your womb is an amazing experience, but also overwhelming. Plus, you’ll be experiencing a lot of changes in your body—especially during the first trimester. That’s why it’s important to have an experienced obstetrician (OB), like Dr. Janet Vaughan from, to guide, treat, and educate you throughout your pregnancy.

Here are some of the things you need to know to help prepare yourself for the months ahead.

Changes in your body

In most cases, the first sign of pregnancy is missing a period. But, not all pregnancies are the same. Some women feel miserable during the first three months, while others glow in good health. Here are some physical changes the OB at would like you to be aware of in the coming weeks and which symptoms warrant an emergency call or visit to your doctor.

  • Breast tenderness
  • Nausea
  • Easily fatigued
  • Frequent urination
  • Food aversions
  • Constipation
  • Heartburn

Many pregnant women can experience slight bleeding during their first trimester. Light spotting early in the pregnancy can mean that the fertilised egg has been implanted in the uterus. However, if you experience sharp pain or severe cramping in your abdomen, along with significant bleeding, call your doctor immediately. These could be signs of ectopic pregnancy or a miscarriage. Other red flags to watch out for include severe dizziness and rapid weight loss.

Changes in your emotions

Ready yourself for a rollercoaster ride of emotions. Pregnant women can feel exhilarated, anxious, exhausted, and delighted all at the same time. This is because women experience an increase in the production of hormones, such as estrogen and progesterone, during pregnancy. But, that’s not the only reason.

The thought of having a baby is both exciting and thrilling. But, it also adds emotional stress to your life. It will take time to adjust to parenthood. You will also never stop worrying about the health of your baby. The financial demands of having a baby can also take its toll on you.

However, what you are feeling is quite normal. You can turn to your loved ones for support and understanding during this time. If your mood swings become intense or severe, don’t hesitate to consult your doctor for assistance.

What happens during prenatal care?

Your first visit to your OB will focus on evaluating your overall health to help them determine the gestational age of your baby and identify any risk factors to your pregnancy. Be ready to answer detailed questions about your health history. You can schedule a private consultation if you are uncomfortable discussing your medical history in front of your partner.

After the initial visit, you will likely be advised to schedule checkups at least once every four weeks. Make sure to discuss all your fears and concerns during these appointments. List your questions about pregnancy and childbirth before seeing your doctor, so that you don’t forget them. There are no unimportant or silly questions, so don’t be afraid to ask anything.

Dr. Janet Vaughan of Obstetrics Plus can help take care of yourself during your pregnancy. You may visit her website,, for more information.